Ankle replacement surgery is indicated primarily to treat an arthritic ankle when the cartilage covering the joint has suffered considerable wear and tear.
Historically, knee and hip joints were the first to benefit from prosthetic implants in the 1970s. Little by little, other materials and designs have appeared allowing the implantation of prostheses in areas such as the shoulder and ankle.
Arthrodesis, which is the permanent blocking of a joint, was for many years the only option in cases of painful arthritis. Although this surgery is still applicable in many cases, the development of the ankle prostheses now offer other options for the treatment of ankle arthritis.