Arthroscopic surgery

Chirurgie arthroscopique Genève

Arthroscopic surgery was first used at the beginning of the last century and the technique was popularised in the 1970s for the treatment of knee conditions. It rapidly emerged as a reliable and effective tool for orthopaedic surgery. The development of techniques has helped adapt it to other joints like the shoulder, hip, elbow and ankle.

The surgery involves inserting a camera into a joint through an incision of less than one centimetre in size. One or more other incisions are made to allow the use of other specific instruments and tools. The camera (the arthroscope) allows a complete exploration of the area around the joint, which is usually impossible in open surgery. In addition, the minimally-invasive approach limits the surgical aggression and allows faster recovery times than conventional surgery.

Arthroscopie antérieure de cheville
  • Fig. 1

    Anterior arthroscopy of the ankle using an (optical) camera.

It is referred to as arthroscopy when the optical camera is inserted into the joint space, and endoscopy when the intervention takes place outside of a joint (tendinoscopy, etc.)

Its indications and opportunities are constantly expanding and it is now one of the essential tools of ankle surgery and, more recently, of foot surgery.


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